A ciborium (plural ciboria) is a covered container used in Roman Catholic, Anglican, and related churches to store the consecrated hosts of the sacrament of Holy Communion. A ciborium is also an architectural feature in some churches.
Sacred vesselThe eucharistic container resembles in shape that of a chalice but its bowl is more round than conical, and takes its name from its cover, surmounted by a cross or other sacred design. In the early Christian Church, Holy Communion was not kept in churches for fear of sacrilege or desecration. Later, the first ciboria were kept at homes to be handy for the Last Rites where needed. In churches, a ciborium is usually kept in a tabernacle or aumbry. In some cases, it may be veiled (see photograph below) to indicate the presence of the consecrated hosts.
Other containers for the host include the paten (a small plate) or a basin (for loaves of bread rather than wafers) used at the time of consecration and distribution at the main service of Holy Eucharist. A pyx is a small, circular container into which a few consecrated hosts can be placed. Pyxes are typically used to bring communion to the sick or shut-in.
image:Ciborie1.jpg|Gold Ciborium image:Ciborie2.jpg|Ciborium with veil
Architectural elementIn ecclesiastical architecture, a ciborium is a canopy or covering supported by columns, freestanding in the sanctuary, that covers the altar in a basilica or other church. Such a ciborium is also known (albeit inaccurately) as a baldachin.
ciborium in Czech: Ciborium
ciborium in German: Ziborium
ciborium in Spanish: Copón
ciborium in French: Ciboire
ciborium in Croatian: Ciborij
ciborium in Italian: Ciborio
ciborium in Lithuanian: Ciboriumas
ciborium in Limburgan: Ciborie
ciborium in Dutch: Ciborie (vaatwerk)
ciborium in Norwegian: Ciborium
ciborium in Polish: Cyborium (naczynie)
ciborium in Russian: Киворий
ciborium in Slovenian: Ciborij
ciborium in Swedish: Ciborium